Suffering is pervasive. No one goes without facing suffering. The whole of creation came under the tyranny of suffering as a consequence of sin. In this world there are many sources of suffering. Stress in fact has become a less threatening word to describe facing varied forms of suffering. There are many degrees and shapes of suffering. There is the suffering of trauma and disaster, there is abuse inflicted on others, disease, poverty, and so on. Most of what is offered in the world related to stress and suffering is all about coping. Yet, there are spiritual principles that can lead beyond just coping with suffering and actually transcend whatever the experience is. There can be peace in suffering. In examining the Bible, there are seven principles that God has given us that can help us transcend suffering and stress.
Before getting into the examination of principles there is a need to acknowledge that this discussion is a basic overview of these principles. A lot more time can be spent expanding on each principle in far greater detail; the objective here is to lay a foundation of understanding. While reading, take some time to pray and think over each principle. God may emphasize a particular point for you. Please take the thoughts outlined here as a starting point for further study and pursuit of understanding. Wherever you are at and however stress and suffering are currently affecting your life, may you find words of peace and encouragement that lighten the load and burden. So let us now take a look at the seven spiritual principles for transcending suffering.
Recognize: The starting point is really recognizing that God is sovereign. He is, was, and will always be in control. The climax of the book of Job is that God is in control. Now recognizing this fact is key to making it through the suffering. It is not just about God being in control, it is about what God allows in his sovereignty he allows to bring himself Glory. The fact is it is easy to lose sight of God’s sovereignty and control. It is really easy to focus on the pain and difficulty and wonder where God is in the midst. All things happen for God’s glory. Not only does it happen for God’s glory but also that we may grow in maturity. Here are some verses that emphasize this needed recognition:
Romans 5:1-5 (NIV) Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance, character; and character, hope. And hope does not disappoint us, because God has poured out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit, whom he has given us.
Romans 8:28 (NIV) And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.
1 Peter 4: 11, 12 (ESV) Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery trial when it comes upon you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you. But rejoice insofar as you share Christ’s sufferings, that you may also rejoice and be glad when his glory is revealed.
So we need to recognize that God is in control, that what he allows he allows for his glory, and what he allows works to refine us and build us up further in him. These are important facts to recognize when in the midst of suffering.
Remember: This step is related to recognize for the things we need to recognize are also important things for us to remember. But the principle of remembrance does not stop with bringing to mind the truths of what God has said but also what God has done. The Old Testament is filled with examples of people engaging in establishing ways to remember what God has done. Two ways reported over and over were setting up altars and naming places and children related to what God has done. God also created for Israel feasts such as Passover to be continual reminders of His faithfulness and ability to deliver. Remembering what God has done, his love, his faithfulness, and even his discipline is important because it directs us to God’s love, dependability, and faithfulness. If we remember how God has provided and delivered in the past, when under a current trial or form of suffering it gives encouragement that He who proved faithful before, will do so again. God is always true. Yet sometimes we forget that fact. We most often forget that God is faithful and capable of accomplishing all that He promises and says. When we forget, we struggle more. So take time and remember what God has done in your life, the ways He has proved faithful. Remember the ways God has shown and revealed Himself in your life. A key Bible verse for this spiritual principle is Hebrews 10:23 (ESV) Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who promised is faithful. So take time to remember what God has done and review God’s faithfulness, for that which He promises, He will make certain.
Faith: Any form of suffering brings with it a challenge to faith. Suffering ultimately reveals our depths and limits of faith. The Bible gives us some clear understanding of what faith is in Hebrews 11:1 (ESV): Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. Faith is acting on that which is not visible, that which is beyond our comprehension. It is during suffering when what is seen is the pain and hurt that faith is most critical; for it is during suffering the faithfulness and love of God comes into question, for what is seen is pain. Peter when he got out of the boat showed great faith in the unseen. The great waves did not bother him, as He had faith in God to uphold him. The disciple’s faith was shown to be limited when they were overwhelmed with fears while in the boat in a storm while Jesus slept. Yet, faith is not just the certainty of what is unseen regarding God’s faithfulness. Faith is our response to what God directs. Romans 10:17 (ESV) states: So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ. Faith is founded upon what we hear of God and his word. It is founded on our relationship to God’s authority and our position in the Kingdom of God. Faith is following God’s direction and resting in His authority. When we walk in fear rather than faith, we doubt God’s goodness, faithfulness, and love. Take a look at Hebrews 10:23 again. We are able to stand firm in faith when we believe that He is faithful.
Ultimately our actions during suffering reveal our level of faith. We can claim to have faith, but unless we act on that faith the faith is meaningless. We can say we trust God to see us through our darkest suffering, but it our actions that really reveal the sincerity of that faith. How we manage day to day. And guess what, each of us do have limits to our faith. At any time God can turn to us and respond “Oh ye of little faith.” For when you compare the depth and limits of our faith with the goodness and faithfulness of God, it will always come up short. We all like Peter can show moments of great face soon followed by great weakness. So in the midst of suffering we will learn our limits to faith and be challenged to continue. And ultimately, it is the times of suffering that draw us into deeper awareness of God’s love and faithfulness and result in growth and maturity of faith. So what to do when your faith is at the limits? Confess your unbelief and lack of faith to God and ask Him to grow your faith and help you in your unbelief. Also do not be surprised by your own limits to faith, for we all have them.
Focus: The word focus really entails an essential spiritual principle. Focus has to do with where our attention is centered. Suffering of any sort will test our focus. An amazing thing is that we can start out with strong faith, we can step out of the boat and walk toward Jesus, yet like Peter we also quickly can lose focus. Jesus is to be our central focus, but the difficulties of life, the stressors and sufferings can often divert our attention. Actually the bible directs us to maintain two types of focus: on Jesus and eternity. There are two key verses that point to keeping focus on Jesus:
Isaiah 26:3 (ESV) You keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on you, because he trusts in you.
Hebrews 12:2 (NIV) Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Focus on Jesus in a key to peace in suffering. When we are thinking about Jesus and serving him, we look beyond our pain, troubles, and difficulties. Part of focusing on Jesus is that when we look at what God did at the cross and Jesus suffering greatly, suffered so that we may be redeemed and set free, we can see that God does truly work things out for His glory.
The second area we need to place our focus is away from this world to matters of eternity. In other worlds it is looking past the Kingdom of this world to God’s Kingdom. Matthew 6:19-21 (ESV): Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal, but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
That verse really captures the differences between focus on the eternal or the things of this world. Everything of this world is temporary, lasting but a moment. This is true of suffering as well. And yes, a person can endure suffering the rest of their life, but it is still always but temporary in comparison with eternity. This is spelled out even more clearly in 2 Corinthians 4:16-18 (ESV): So we do not lose heart. Though our outer self is wasting away, our inner self is being renewed day by day. For this light momentary affliction is preparing for us an eternal weight of glory beyond all comparison, as we look not to the things that are seen but to the things that are unseen. For the things that are seen are transient, but the things that are unseen are eternal.
It is truly difficult to focus on the eternal and that which is not temporary. For we know what we see, we know what we feel. We are easily drawn to give our full attention to these temporary things. In order to transcend the suffering, it requires looking beyond self and this world to that which is eternal. The need for eternal focus is also outlined in Colossians 3:1-4 (ESV): If then you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Set your minds on things that are above, not on things that are on earth. For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God. When Christ who is your life appears, then you also will appear with him in glory.
If one cannot readjust focus to that of Jesus and eternal matters then any suffering will be insurmountable and all-consuming. When we take focus off of this world and self, we are uplifted. There is no burden that can weigh us down or cause us to sink, rather we are buoyed through any storm and uplifted when we have our focus centered in the right direction.
Love: This principle really grows out of taking eyes off of the focus of our own pain and looking toward God and others. When engage in loving others we engage in actions that build them up. When we love others we touch the hurt and pains that they experience are touched. It just takes a simple act. It is also a fact that a good portion of suffering is related to choices other people made that have hurt others. In other words, actions of self have resulted in hurting others. Actions of love have an impact that far outweigh the actions of harm as seen in Deuteronomy 5:7-10. The effects of sins of fathers have impact to three or four generations but that actions of love lasts thousands. Love is far more powerful and long lasting. Sins bring pain, love brings blessing and healing. It is not just the actual suffering we experience that cause us difficulty but also the perception of a threat of suffering. The perceived threat elicits the emotion of fear. I John 4:18(ESV) states: There is no fear in love, but perfect love casts out fear. For fear has to do with punishment, and whoever fears has not been perfected in love. The bible goes at great length to encourage us to love others, in particular those that are poor or in unfortunate circumstances. Now here is an amazing thing. When you are engaged in focusing on helping and loving others, the perception of pain or your level of stress or suffering reduces. It does not change the source or cause of the pain, but when you take your mind off of self, the felt pain reduces. It even helps to be around others going through similar struggles and to mutually support one another through the suffering. As you do so and focus on the concerns of others, there is a reduced perception of pain. Test this principle out, focus on loving others and then check on your perception of pain. Ultimately remember, that what we learn from and the change and growth that occurs during struggles can in turn be used to reach and impact others. In such away not only do we gain from our struggles but others gain and are touched as well.
Uplift: The action that we can take that is the most in opposition to suffering is praising and uplifting God in the midst of stress and suffering. It is something we are commanded to do. Philippians 4:4 (ESV) states Rejoice in the Lord always: again I will say Rejoice! James 1:2 (NIV) states: Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds. We have a biblical example of being joyful in the time of trial. In Acts 16 Paul and Silas sang and worshiped God while in prison after being beaten. Yet they surrendered and focused on God and uplifted God. They did not complain about their circumstances or pain. They knew God was worthy of praise regardless of circumstance. They chose to uplift him. Now, it is a hard thing to do in difficult times. It involves a surrender of self. When we hurt and are in pain it is difficult to praise God. We know the hurt we endure. We may even doubt the love of God. The Bible gives us multiple directions to stand firm for a reason. It is not just the New Testament that directs us to thank and uplift God no matter what the circumstance; the Old Testament makes frequent references to offering the sacrifice of Thanksgiving. The sacrifice of Thanksgiving is closely associated with the peace offering, which points to Jesus as our salvation. The reason we can uplift God is what He has done for us at the cross. Remember, all suffering ultimately is a result of sin. All sin was addressed at the cross, and while we still face the ongoing twists and pain that sin caused, Jesus dealt with it at the cross. He suffered all, died, and rose again that suffering comes to an end. This is why we can praise. It is worth noting that the sacrifice of Thanksgiving involved both things that are pleasing, and those that are unpleasing, and even that which is impure. They all are uplifted to God, thanking Him for all: good, bad, unpleasant, impure, or joyous. Now, if you understand that God wants us to lift all before Him and understand that it is because of Jesus and what is yet to come that we can praise, the need and value of uplifting God is more clear. As Hebrew 13:15(ESV) directs: Through him then let us continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that acknowledge his name. Uplifting God with praise and worship is an ongoing, continual process. It is a setting aside of self and giving Honor where it is do, to God alone. It is continually surrendering of self. In pain and suffering of any type this requires an act of will. It is not an easy task to look beyond the pain and circumstances and praise God. In fact, it requires a willful, sacrificial act of turning from self to God. And when we are obedient and able to follow God’s command in such a manner, He shows up and is present. He showed up in a might way for Paul and Silas. He can in each of our lives as well. If the circumstances do not change, God will change you and fill you with His Joy and Peace. But it starts with surrender such as setting aside the self in pain and uplifting the Most Holy One. There is power in uplifting the Father who loves us beyond measure; power in uplifting Jesus who is the Lamb worthy to be Slain who has redeemed us and set us free: and there is power in uplifting the Holy Spirit who empowers us when we are weak and draws us unto repentance. So continually uplift and praise God. Continually surrender in worship. Give your all to Him no matter what the circumstances.
Rest: This principle is powerful but we often fail to recognize the importance of rest. Transcending suffering only really occurs when you are able to be at a place of rest. People really do have a hard time entering rest or even understanding it. Resting is all about coming to a settled state where there is no striving to obtain. Hebrews 4:9-11(ESV) states: So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God, for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his. Let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by the same sort of disobedience. True surrender to God involves being at a state of rest, which is a ceasing focus on self and looking to God. It is being at a state that no matter what situation you are in, whatever you endure, that looking to God comes first. Paul’s reported secret of contentment really points to this rest principle: Philippians 4:13 (ESV) I can do all things through him who strengthens me. In good times, in pain, in suffering God gives us the strength and peace to endure and stand firm. Resting in suffering is ceasing the focus on what is not right and turning to God regardless of any change. Those following God and rest in Him are able to move beyond whatever happens in this world. It is in such rest and turning to God that He provides the strength to stand. We cannot do it of our own accord, we truly need to know the meaning of “when I am weak He is strong” (2 Corinthians 12:10b) His power is strong when we are weak, when we cease the striving, then God’s strength can move in our lives regardless of any change in sources of suffering.
The deep rest that transcends suffering is a level of even letting go of our own protection and depending on God letting His peace guard are heart and soul. The Psalms are full of references to finding refuge in God. Psalms 94:22(ESV) is one such example: But the LORD has become my stronghold, and my God the rock of my refuge. Striving for our own defense is natural. The more stress and suffering we face, the more prone we are to find ways to defend ourselves from threats. God wants us to set aside our own defense and rest in His defense of us. He wants total trust and dependence on him. This is the essence and nature of rest. There is a well used verse that really sums up the nature of rest God asks of us. Psalms 46: 10a (ESV) “Be still and know that I am God” The verse is really nothing about our communicating with God, it is all about resting in Him. The Psalms really describes God’s coming wrath with the whole of Earth in travail. It really points out to rest in God, for while his wrath is coming, you can depend on Him and must, for ultimately all will be exalted before Him. Is that not a glorious thought? God will be exalted about all. There need be no fear of any suffering or bad things to come, as God is our strength and defense. He is in control, so rest in Him.
My hope is that you have taken time to slowly read over this article and come back at it a piece at a time. Each principle really builds upon each other. The more each of these principles are evident in your life, the more you grow and the less power the sources of suffering have in your life. Now if you read these principles and feel overwhelmed and small, know that in our lives these principles are ongoing and that once you think you got one principle understood and evident in your life, God will reveal how shallow the depth of understanding really is. We are all a work in process. Personally, in writing this article and taking time to sort through what God has stirred up to share with others to help, it really does become clear the need for growth. Nevertheless, it is also apparent how God has made each principle real and taught lesson through the varied stress and sufferings of life. In closing, taking time to pray over each principle and asking God to make them more real in your life.
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